Getting Started With Development
Before beginning development, you should have a workstation (or virtual machine) with Debathena installed. Unless you have a strong preference, we recommend starting with the highest version of Ubuntu supported by Debathena. As of Fall 2012, this is Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise). The instructions henceforth assume that you are using the newest Debathena packages, and a base distribution (Debian or Ubuntu) from at least 2008. You should install at least the debathena-standard metapackage, so that you can get Kerberos tickets and access the AFS filesystem.
Many contributors to the project have a wide variety of skills. You need not know every programming language ever, but you should have some experience with programming and be familiar with the command line ("shell"). The most common languages we use are:
- Bourne shell scripting
You don't have to be fluent in all of these languages, but you should understand one of them enough to read programs in it and make simple changes. If you don't understand any of these languages, there may still be opportunities for you to contribute to the project, whether it's creating documentation, testing things, updating the website, etc. Contact us and tell us your skills and what you're interested in, and we'll find a good match.
Most of the tools used to create Debian (and thus Debathena) packages are available as part of Debian or Ubuntu. If you have Debathena installed, you can install the debathena-debian-dev package, which installs a number of packages required for building Debian packages.
Note: If you're following along on a stock Ubuntu or Debian installation, you'll need to install these packages: build-essential cdbs debhelper wdiff debian-el devscripts devscripts-el dh-make dpatch dpkg-awk dpkg-dev dpkg-dev-el equivs fakeroot linda lintian quilt sbuild
You should also create the file ~/.devscripts with the following contents:
DEBUILD_LINTIAN_OPTS="--profile debathena" DEBUILD_DPKG_BUILDPACKAGE_OPTS="-us -uc -sa -i -I" DEBEMAIL="email@example.com" DEBFULLNAME="Your Full Name" DEBCHANGE_AUTO_NMU=no DEBCHANGE_RELEASE_HEURISTIC=changelog
(Note that if you end up getting involved in upstream Debian or Ubuntu development, you might consider punting the last two lines. They do make things easier assuming you're developing for Debian. The first line requires the debathena-lintian-config package.)
The DEBUILD_DPKG_BUILDPACKAGE_OPTS options mean:
- (-sa) Look for original source as a tarfile or create one.
- (-us) Do not sign the source package.
- (-uc) Do not sign the changes file.
- (-i) Ignore common version control metadata files when creating diffs.
- (-I) (previously -I.svn) Ignore [.svn] paths when creating tarballs.
You may also want a $HOME/.sbuildrc file containing the following:
$nolog = 1; $mailto = 'yourusername'; $log_dir = '/tmp/sbuild-logs'; $maintainer_name = 'Debathena Project <firstname.lastname@example.org>'; $force_orig_source = 1; $sbuild_mode = "user"; 1;
You should also set the environment variable DEBATHENA_APT to /afs/sipb.mit.edu/project/debathena/apt.