source: trunk/debathena/scripts/installer/install-debathena.beta.sh @ 25958

Revision 25958, 19.3 KB checked in by jdreed, 9 years ago (diff)
* Punt Hardy and Oneiric * Add Saucy * October is sooner than you think
Line 
1#!/bin/sh
2# Athena installer script.
3# Maintainer: debathena@mit.edu
4# Based on original Debathena installer script by: Tim Abbott <tabbott@mit.edu>
5
6# Download this to a Debian or Ubuntu machine and run it as root.  It can
7# be downloaded with:
8#   wget -N http://debathena.mit.edu/install-debathena.sh
9
10set -e
11
12# The user's umask will sometimes carry over; don't let that happen.
13umask 022
14
15output() {
16  printf '\033[38m'; echo "$@"; printf '\033[0m'
17}
18
19error() {
20  printf '\033[31m'; echo "$@"; printf '\033[0m'
21}
22
23ask() {
24  answer=''
25  while [ y != "$answer" -a n != "$answer" ]; do
26    printf '\033[38m'; echo -n "$1"; printf '\033[0m'
27    read answer
28    [ Y = "$answer" ] && answer=y
29    [ N = "$answer" ] && answer=n
30    [ -z "$answer" ] && answer=$2
31  done
32  output ""
33}
34
35if [ `id -u` != "0" ]; then
36  error "You must run the Debathena installer as root."
37  if [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then
38    error "Try running 'sudo $0'."
39  fi
40  exit 1
41fi
42
43pxetype=
44if test -f /root/pxe-install-flag ; then
45  pxetype=`head -1 /root/pxe-install-flag`
46fi
47
48have_lsbrelease="$(dpkg-query -W -f '${Status}' lsb-release 2>/dev/null)"
49if [ "$have_lsbrelease" != "install ok installed" ]; then
50  echo "The installer requires the 'lsb-release' package to determine"
51  echo "whether or not installation can proceed."
52  ask "Is it ok to install this package now? [Y/n] " y
53  if [ y = "$answer" ]; then
54    if ! apt-get -qq update && apt-get -qqy install lsb-release; then
55        error "Could not install lsb-release.  Try installing it manually."
56        exit 1
57    fi
58  else
59    error "Sorry, lsb-release is required.  Cannot continue."
60    exit 1
61  fi
62fi
63distro=`lsb_release -cs`
64aptitude=aptitude
65case $distro in
66  squeeze)
67    ;;
68  lucid)
69    ubuntu=yes
70    ;;
71  precise|quantal|raring)
72    ubuntu=yes
73    aptitude=apt-get
74    ;;
75  saucy)
76    ubuntu=yes
77    aptitude=apt-get
78    output "The release you are running ($distro) is not yet supported"
79    output "and installing Debathena on it is probably a bad idea,"
80    output "particularly for any purpose other than beta testing."
81    output ""
82    output "(New releases are generally supported a couple of weeks"
83    output "after the official release date.  We strongly encourage you"
84    output "to check http://debathena.mit.edu for support information"
85    output "and try again later, or install the previous version of"
86    output "the operating system.)"
87    if ! test -f /root/pxe-install-flag; then
88        ask "Are you sure you want to proceed? [y/N] " n
89        [ y != "$answer" ] && exit 1
90    fi
91    ;;
92  lenny|hardy|intrepid|jaunty|karmic|maverick|natty|oneiric)
93    error "The release you are running ($distro) is no longer supported."
94    error "Generally, Debathena de-supports releases when they are no longer"
95    error "supported by upstream.  If you believe you received this message"
96    error "in error, please contact debathena@mit.edu."
97    exit 1
98    ;;
99  *)
100    error "Unsupported release codename: $distro"
101    error "Sorry, Debathena does not support installation on this release at this time."
102    error "(New releases may not be supported immediately after their release)."
103    error "If you believe you are running a supported release or have questions,"
104    error "please contact debathena@mit.edu"
105    exit 1
106    ;;
107esac
108
109laptop=no
110wifi=no
111if [ -x /usr/sbin/laptop-detect ] && /usr/sbin/laptop-detect 2>/dev/null; then
112    laptop=yes
113fi
114
115if [ -x /usr/bin/nmcli ] && /usr/bin/nmcli dev status 2>/dev/null | awk '{print $2}' | grep -q 802-11-wireless; then
116    wifi=yes
117fi
118
119echo "Welcome to the Debathena installer."
120echo ""
121echo "Please choose the category which best suits your needs.  Each category"
122echo "in this list includes the functionality of the previous ones.  See the"
123echo "documentation at http://debathena.mit.edu for more information."
124echo ""
125echo "  standard:        Athena client software and customizations"
126echo "                   Recommended for laptops and single-user computers."
127echo "  login:           Allow Athena accounts to log into your machine"
128echo "                   Recommended for private remote-access servers."
129echo "  login-graphical: Athena graphical login customizations"
130echo "                   Recommended for private multi-user desktops."
131echo "  workstation:     Graphical workstation with automatic updates"
132echo "                   Recommended for auto-managed cluster-like systems."
133echo ""
134
135if [ "$laptop" = "yes" ] || [ "$wifi" = "yes" ]; then
136    cat <<EOF
137This machine appears to be a laptop or has at least one wireless
138network device.  You probably want to choose "standard" unless this
139device will have an uninterrupted network connection.
140EOF
141fi
142
143category=""
144if [ cluster = "$pxetype" ] ; then
145  category=cluster ;
146  echo "PXE cluster install detected, so installing \"cluster\"."
147fi
148while [ standard != "$category" -a login != "$category" -a \
149        login-graphical != "$category" -a workstation != "$category" -a \
150        cluster != "$category" ]; do
151  output -n "Please choose a category or press control-C to abort: "
152  read category
153done
154
155# We need noninteractive for PXE installs because you're not supposed
156# to be interactive in a late_command, and nothing works (like
157# debconf, for example).  Until #702 is fixed.
158if [ cluster = "$category" ] || test -f /root/pxe-install-flag; then
159  # We still want these set for cluster installs, which should be truly
160  # noninteractive
161  export DEBCONF_NONINTERACTIVE_SEEN=true
162  export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive
163fi
164
165mainpackage=debathena-$category
166
167csoft=no
168tsoft=no
169resolvconfhack=no
170echo "The extra-software package installs a standard set of software"
171echo "determined to be of interest to MIT users, such as LaTeX.  It is pretty"
172echo "big (several gigabytes, possibly more)."
173echo ""
174echo "Note: This package may include software with additional license terms."
175echo "      By installing it, you are agreeing to the terms of these licenses."
176echo "      For more information, please see http://debathena.mit.edu/licensing"
177echo ""
178if [ cluster = $category -o workstation = $category ] ; then
179  # See Trac #648 and LP:471975
180  resolvconfhack=yes
181  echo "The extra-software package is required for '$category' and will be installed."
182  csoft=yes
183  # Not setting tsoft=yes here; -cluster will pull it in anyway.
184else
185  ask "Do you want the extra-software package [y/N]? " n
186  if [ y = "$answer" ]; then
187    csoft=yes
188  fi
189fi
190if [ yes = "$csoft" ]; then
191    # Preseed an answer to the java license query, which license was already accepted
192    # at install time:
193    echo "sun-java6-bin shared/accepted-sun-dlj-v1-1 boolean true" |debconf-set-selections
194fi
195
196if [ "$(cat /sys/class/dmi/id/product_name)" = "OptiPlex 790" ] && \
197    dpkg --compare-versions "$(uname -r)" lt 3.2~; then
198    noacpi=y
199    if [ "$category" != "cluster" ]; then
200        echo
201        echo "The Dell 790 sometimes has problems rebooting.  The best way to"
202        echo "work around this is to pass 'reboot=pci' at boot time."
203        echo "This change will be made in your GRUB (bootloader) configuration."
204        ask "Is it ok to do this now? [Y/n] " y
205        if [ y != "$answer" ]; then
206            noacpi=n
207        fi
208    fi
209    if [ "$noacpi" = "y" ] && ! grep -q "Added by install-debathena.sh to address reboot issues on the Dell 790" /etc/default/grub; then
210        cat >> /etc/default/grub << 'EOF'
211
212# Added by install-debathena.sh to address reboot issues on the Dell 790
213GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="reboot=pci $GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX"
214EOF
215        update-grub
216    fi
217fi
218
219echo "A summary of your choices:"
220echo "  Category: $category"
221echo "  Extra-software package: $csoft"
222echo "  Third-party software package: $tsoft"
223echo ""
224if [ "$pxetype" = "cluster" ] ; then
225  if wget -q http://athena10.mit.edu/installer/installing.txt; then
226     cat installing.txt > /dev/tty6
227     date > /dev/tty6
228     chvt 6
229     rm installing.txt
230  fi
231  # Divert the default background and install our own so that failed machines
232  # are more conspicuous
233  echo "Diverting default background..."
234  bgimage=/usr/share/backgrounds/warty-final-ubuntu.png
235  divertedbg=no
236  if dpkg-divert --divert ${bgimage}.debathena --rename $bgimage; then
237      divertedbg=yes
238      if ! wget -N -O $bgimage http://debathena.mit.edu/error-background.png; then
239          echo "Hrm, that didn't work.  Oh well..."
240          dpkg-divert --rename --remove $bgimage
241          divertedbg=no
242      fi
243  fi
244
245  # Setup for package installs in a chrooted immediately-postinstall environment.
246  echo "Setting locale."
247  export LANG
248  . /etc/default/locale
249  echo "LANG set to $LANG."
250  echo "Mounting /proc."
251  mount /proc 2> /dev/null || :
252  # Clear toxic environment settings inherited from the installer.
253  unset DEBCONF_REDIR
254  unset DEBIAN_HAS_FRONTEND
255  if [ cluster = "$pxetype" ] ; then
256    # Network, LVM, and display config that's specific to PXE cluster installs.
257    # If someone is installing -cluster on an already-installed machine, it's
258    # assumed that this config has already happened and shouldn't be stomped on.
259
260    # Configure network based on the preseed file settings, if present.
261    if test -f /root/debathena.preseed && ! grep -q netcfg/get_ipaddress /proc/cmdline; then
262      # Switch to canonical hostname.
263      ohostname=`cat /etc/hostname`
264      # Hack to avoid installing debconf-get for just this.
265      ipaddr=`grep netcfg/get_ipaddress /root/debathena.preseed|sed -e 's/.* //'`
266      netmask=`grep netcfg/get_netmask /root/debathena.preseed|sed -e 's/.* //'`
267      gateway=`grep netcfg/get_gateway /root/debathena.preseed|sed -e 's/.* //'`
268
269      hostname=`host $ipaddr | \
270          sed 's#^.*domain name pointer \(.*\)$#\1#' | sed 's;\.*$;;' | \
271          tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`
272      if echo $hostname|grep -q "not found" ; then
273        hostname=""
274        printf "\a"; sleep 1 ; printf "\a"; sleep 1 ;printf "\a"
275        echo "The IP address you selected, $ipaddr, does not have an associated"
276        echo "hostname.  Please confirm that you're using the correct address."
277        while [ -z "$hostname" ] ; do
278          echo -n "Enter fully qualified hostname [no default]: "
279          read hostname
280        done
281      fi
282      echo ${hostname%%.*} > /etc/hostname
283      sed -e 's/\(127\.0\.1\.1[         ]*\).*/\1'"$hostname ${hostname%%.*}/" < /etc/hosts > /etc/hosts.new
284      mv -f /etc/hosts.new /etc/hosts
285      if grep -q dhcp /etc/network/interfaces ; then
286        sed -e s/dhcp/static/ < /etc/network/interfaces > /etc/network/interfaces.new
287        echo "  address $ipaddr" >> /etc/network/interfaces.new
288        echo "  netmask $netmask" >> /etc/network/interfaces.new
289        echo "  gateway $gateway" >> /etc/network/interfaces.new
290        echo "  dns-nameservers 18.72.0.3 18.70.0.160 18.71.0.151" >> /etc/network/interfaces.new
291        mv -f /etc/network/interfaces.new /etc/network/interfaces
292      fi
293      hostname ${hostname%%.*}
294    fi
295
296  fi
297else
298  output "Press return to begin or control-C to abort"
299  read dummy
300fi
301
302# Set the "seen" flag for all debconf questions that we configure
303# cluster is still non-interactive, see above.
304# Except you can't set the "seen" flag for something that isn't installed
305# so also set some sane defaults
306cat <<EOF | debconf-set-selections
307# Set sane defaults
308openafs-client  openafs-client/thiscell string grand.central.org
309openafs-client  openafs-client/cachesize string 150000
310cyrus-common    cyrus-common/removespools       boolean false
311# A null value is fine as of krb5 1.6.dfsg.3-1
312krb5-config     krb5-config/default_realm string
313# No value means use Hesiod
314zephyr-clients  zephyr-clients/servers string
315# These are also questions asked by default, but
316# the user should probably see them anyway.
317#gdm     shared/default-x-display-manager seen true
318#hddtemp hddtemp/daemon seen true
319EOF
320
321apt-get update
322
323output "Verifying machine is up to date..."
324pattern='^0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove'
325if ! apt-get --simulate --assume-yes dist-upgrade | grep -q "$pattern"; then
326    if [ -n "$pxetype" ] ; then
327        output "Forcing an upgrade"
328        apt-get --assume-yes dist-upgrade
329    else
330        error "Your system is not up to date.  Proceeding with an install at"
331        error "this time could render your system unusable."
332        error "Please run 'apt-get dist-upgrade' as root or use the GUI update"
333        error "manager to ensure your system is up to date before continuing."
334        error "NOTE: You do NOT need to upgrade to a newer release of Ubuntu",
335        error "you merely need to ensure you have the latest software updates"
336        error "for the current version."
337        exit 1
338    fi
339fi
340
341if ! hash aptitude >/dev/null 2>&1; then
342  output "Installing Debathena installer dependency: aptitude"
343  apt-get -y install aptitude
344fi
345
346output "Installing Debathena installer dependencies: wget and dnsutils"
347apt-get -y install wget dnsutils
348if [ yes = "$resolvconfhack" ]; then
349  output "Installing resolvconf ahead of time"
350  apt-get -y install resolvconf
351fi
352
353# Only add our openafs component if DKMS isn't available
354openafs_component=""
355if aptitude show openafs-modules-dkms > /dev/null; then
356  modules="openafs-modules-dkms"
357else
358  openafs_component=" openafs"
359fi
360
361# Select the correct headers package
362kernel_hdr_meta_pkgs=
363if [ "$ubuntu" = "yes" ]; then
364    # Ubuntu kernel metapackages have a source of 'linux-meta'
365    # Find all of them and replace "-image-" with "-headers-".
366    # Except the source _starts with_ linux-meta because of HWE
367    # stacks (e.g. linux-meta-lts-quantal.  I hate you all.
368    kernel_hdr_meta_pkgs=$(dpkg-query -W -f '${Source}\t${Package}\n' 'linux-image-*' | awk '$1 ~ /^linux-meta/ { sub(/-image-/, "-headers-", $2); print $2 }')
369else
370    # Debian.  "Yay".  Old squeeze has linux-latest-2.6 as the
371    # metapackage.  squeeze-backpors and newer have linux-latest as
372    # the metpackage.  For bonus points, wheezy can have two packages
373    # installed with linux-latest as the metapackage, because one of
374    # those is itself a metapckage.
375    kernel_hdr_meta_pkgs=$(dpkg-query -W -f '${Source}::${Package}\n' 'linux-image-*' | awk -F:: '$1~/^linux-latest/ { sub(/-image-/, "-headers-", $2); print $2 }')
376fi
377pkgs_to_install=
378for p in $kernel_hdr_meta_pkgs; do
379    # Only install real packages
380    if apt-cache show $p | grep -q '^Source: '; then
381        pkgs_to_install=" $p"
382    fi
383done
384if [ -z "$pkgs_to_install" ]; then
385    output "We cannot find a kernel header metapackage for your kernel."
386    output "You will need one in order for DKMS to build the openafs"
387    output "kernel module.  You should probably stop here and figure out"
388    output "what kernel metapackage you're running, and install the"
389    output "corresponding kernel headers package."
390    ask "Do you want to continue anyway? [y/N] " n
391    if [ y != "$answer" ]; then
392        exit 0
393    fi
394else
395    output "Installing header packages: $pkgs_to_install"
396    apt-get -y install $pkgs_to_install
397fi
398
399output "Adding the Debathena repository to the apt sources"
400output "(This may cause the update manager to claim new upgrades are available."
401output "Ignore them until this script is complete.)"
402sourceslist=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/debathena.list
403clustersourceslist=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/debathena.clusterinfo.list
404if [ -z "$hostname" ] ; then hostname=`hostname` ; fi
405
406if [ ! -e "$sourceslist" ] || ! grep -v ^# "$sourceslist" | grep -q debathena; then
407  if [ -e "$sourceslist" ]; then
408    echo "" >> $sourceslist
409  fi
410  echo "deb http://debathena.mit.edu/apt $distro debathena debathena-config debathena-system$openafs_component" >> $sourceslist
411  echo "deb-src http://debathena.mit.edu/apt $distro debathena debathena-config debathena-system$openafs_component" >> $sourceslist
412fi
413
414# As of 6 March 2013, Hesiod no longer contains multiple unversioned
415# apt_release tokens (Trac: #1036).  development implies proposed.
416# bleeding implies development, and the transitive property applies.
417# It's possible we should have this be configurable via a URL
418# rather than hardcoded.
419apt_release=$(dig +short +bufsize=2048 ${hostname}.cluster.ns.athena.mit.edu TXT | tr -d '"' | awk '$1=="apt_release" { print $2 }')
420
421if [ -n "$apt_release" ]; then
422  extra_repos=
423  case "$apt_release" in
424    development)
425      extra_repos="development proposed" ;;
426    proposed)
427      extra_repos="proposed" ;;
428    bleeding)
429      extra_repos="bleeding development proposed" ;;
430    *)
431      output "NOTE: Ignoring unknown apt_release value: \"$apt_release\"" ;;
432  esac
433  aptexplained=false
434  for hc in $extra_repos; do
435    echo "Adding $distro-$hc apt repository."
436    if [ "${aptexplained}" = false ] ; then
437      echo "" >> $clustersourceslist
438      echo "# This file is automatically updated by debathena-auto-update" >> $clustersourceslist
439      echo "# based on your Hesiod cluster information. If you want to" >> $clustersourceslist
440      echo "# make changes, do so in another file." >> $clustersourceslist
441      aptexplained=true
442    fi
443    echo "" >> $clustersourceslist
444    echo "deb http://debathena.mit.edu/apt $distro-${hc} debathena debathena-config debathena-system$openafs_component" >> $clustersourceslist
445    echo "deb-src http://debathena.mit.edu/apt $distro-${hc} debathena debathena-config debathena-system$openafs_component" >> $clustersourceslist
446  done
447fi
448
449if [ "$ubuntu" = "yes" ]; then
450  output "Making sure the universe repository is enabled"
451  sed -i 's,^# \(deb\(\-src\)* http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu [[:alnum:]]* universe\)$,\1,' /etc/apt/sources.list
452fi
453
454output "Downloading the Debathena archive signing key"
455if ! wget -N http://debathena.mit.edu/apt/debathena-archive-keyring.asc ; then
456  error "Download failed; terminating."
457  exit 1
458fi
459echo "fa787714d1ea439c28458aab64962f755e2bdee7a3520919a72b641458757fa3586fd269cc1dae8d99047e00b3df88db0826f0c99a1f5a8771618b3c0be8e3bd  ./debathena-archive-keyring.asc" | \
460  sha512sum -c
461apt-key add debathena-archive-keyring.asc
462rm ./debathena-archive-keyring.asc
463
464$aptitude update
465
466if [ -z "$modules" ]; then
467  modules_want=$(dpkg-query -W -f '${Source}\t${Package}\n' 'linux-image-*' | \
468   sed -nre 's/^linux-(meta|latest[^\t]*)\tlinux-image-(.*)$/openafs-modules-\2/p')
469  modules=
470  for m in $modules_want; do
471    aptitude show $m > /dev/null && modules="$modules $m"
472  done
473fi
474
475if [ -z "$modules" ]; then
476  error "An OpenAFS modules metapackage for your kernel is not available."
477  error "Please use the manual installation instructions at"
478  error "http://debathena.mit.edu/install"
479  error "You will need to compile your own AFS modules as described at:"
480  error "http://debathena.mit.edu/troubleshooting#openafs-custom"
481  exit 1
482fi
483
484output "Installing OpenAFS kernel metapackage"
485apt-get -y install $modules
486
487if [ "cluster" = "$category" ] || [ "workstation" = "$category" ] ; then
488    output "Installing debathena-license-config"
489    apt-get -y install debathena-license-config
490fi
491
492# Use the noninteractive frontend to install the main package.  This
493# is so that AFS and Zephyr don't ask questions of the user which
494# debathena packages will later stomp on anyway.
495output "Installing main Debathena metapackage $mainpackage"
496
497$aptitude -y install "$mainpackage"
498
499# Use the default front end and allow questions to be asked; otherwise
500# Java will fail to install since it has to present its license.
501if [ yes = "$csoft" ]; then
502  output "Installing debathena-extra-software"
503  DEBIAN_PRIORITY=critical $aptitude -y install debathena-extra-software
504fi
505if [ yes = "$tsoft" ]; then
506  output "Installing debathena-thirdparty"
507  DEBIAN_PRIORITY=critical $aptitude -y install debathena-thirdparty
508fi
509
510# Post-install cleanup for cluster systems.
511if [ "$divertedbg" = "yes" ]; then
512    rm -f $bgimage
513    if ! dpkg-divert --rename --remove $bgimage; then
514        echo "Failed to remove diversion of background.  You probably don't care."
515    fi
516fi
517
518if [ cluster = "$category" ] ; then
519  # Force an /etc/adjtime entry so there's no confusion about whether the
520  # hardware clock is UTC or local.
521  echo "Setting hardware clock to UTC."
522  hwclock --systohc --utc
523fi
524
525# Remove the pxe install flag
526rm -f /root/pxe-install-flag
527   
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