AP Physics C Fall Final Web Review


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1 Name: Class: _ Date: _ AP Physics C Fall Final Web Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. On a position versus time graph, the slope of the straight line joining two points on the plotted curve that are separated in time by the interval Δt, is which of the following quantities? a. average steepness b. average velocity c. instantaneous velocity d. average acceleration e. instantaneous acceleration 2. A 50g ball traveling at 25.0 m/s is bounced off a brick wall and rebounds at 22.0 m/s. A highspeed camera records this event. If the ball is in contact with the wall for 3.50 ms, what is the average acceleration of the ball during this time interval? a m/s 2 b m/s 2 c. 857 m/s 2 d. 20 m/s 2 e. 15 m/ s 2 3. An object is dropped from a height. Once it is moving, which of the following statements is true, at least at one point? a. Its velocity is more than its acceleration. b. Its velocity is less than its acceleration. c. Its velocity is the same as its acceleration. d. Its velocity is never equal to its acceleration. e. Its velocity is constant. 4. A strobe photograph shows equally spaced images of a car moving along a straight road. If the time intervals between images is constant, which of the following cannot be positive? a. the speed of the car b. the average velocity of the car c. the acceleration of the car d. the direction of motion of the car e. the instantaneous velocity of the car 5. A strobe photograph of a car moving along a straight road shows the interval between each successive image to be diminishing. If the direction of motion of the car is taken as positive, which of the following are negative? a. the speed of the car b. the average velocity of the car c. the average acceleration of the car d. the instantaneous velocity of the car e. all of the above 1
2 Name: 6. A ball is pushed with an initial velocity of 4.0 m/s. The ball rolls down a hill with a constant acceleration of 1.6 m/s 2. The ball reaches the bottom of the hill in 8.0 s. What is the ball's velocity at the bottom of the hill? a. 10 m/s b. 12 m/s c. 16 m/s d. 17 m/s e. 19 m/s 7. A bird, accelerating from rest at a constant rate, experiences a displacement of 28 m in 11 s. What is the final velocity after 11 s? a. 1.8 m/s b. 3.2 m/s c. 5.1 m/s d. 6.7 m/s e. zero 8. If the displacement of an object is given in SI units by Δx = 3 t + 4 t 2, at t = 2 s its velocity and acceleration are, respectively: a. positive, positive. b. positive, negative. c. negative, negative. d. negative, positive. e. negative, zero. 9. In the case of constant acceleration, the average velocity equals the instantaneous velocity: a. at the beginning of the time interval. b. at the end of the time interval. c. halfway through the time interval. d. threefourths of the way through the time interval. e. onefourth of the way through the time interval. 10. A rock is thrown straight down with an initial velocity of 14.5 m/s from a cliff. What is the rock's displacement after 2.0 s? (Acceleration due to gravity is 9.80 m/s 2.) a. 28 m b. 49 m c. 55 m d. 64 m e. 72 m 11. A rock is thrown straight up with an initial velocity of 24.5 m/s. What maximum height will the rock reach before starting to fall downward? (Take acceleration due to gravity as 9.80 m/s 2.) a m b m c m d m e m 2
3 Name: 12. A hiker walks 200 m west and then walks 100 m north. In what direction is her resulting displacement? a. north b. west c. northwest d. east e. None of the answers is correct. 13. Arvin the Ant is on a picnic table. He travels 30 cm eastward, then 25 cm northward, and finally 15 cm westward. What is the magnitude of Arvin's net displacement? a. 70 cm b. 57 cm c. 52 cm d. 29 cm e. 18 cm 14. A jogger runs halfway around a circular path with a radius of 60 m. What, respectively, are the magnitude of the displacement and the distance jogged? a. 60 m, 188 m b. 120 m, 188 m c. 0 m, 377 m d. 120 m, 377 m e. 60 m, 377 m 15. John throws a baseball from the outfield from shoulder height, at an initial velocity of 29.4 m/s at an initial angle of 30.0 with respect to the horizontal. The ball is in its trajectory for a total interval of 3.00 s before the third baseman catches it at an equal shoulderheight level. (Assume air resistance negligible.) What is the ball's horizontal displacement? a m b m c m d m e. zero 16. A baseball thrown from the outfield is released from shoulder height at an initial velocity of 29.4 m/s at an initial angle of 30.0 with respect to the horizontal. If it is in its trajectory for a total of 3.00 s before being caught by the third baseman at an equal shoulderheight level, what is the ball's net vertical displacement during its 3s trajectory? a m b m c m d. zero e m 17. A ball is rolled horizontally off a table with an initial speed of 0.24 m/s. A stop watch measures the ball's trajectory time from table to the floor to be 0.30 s. How far away from the table does the ball land? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 and air resistance is negligible) a m b m c. 1.2 m d. 1.9 m e. 2.5 m 3
4 Name: 18. A stone is thrown at an angle of 30 above the horizontal from the top edge of a cliff with an initial speed of 12 m/s. A stop watch measures the stone's trajectory time from top of cliff to bottom to be 5.6 s. What is the height of the cliff? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 and air resistance is negligible) a. 58 m b. 154 m c. 120 m d. 197 m e. 213 m 19. A stone is thrown at an angle of 30 above the horizontal from the top edge of a cliff with an initial speed of 12 m/s. A stop watch measures the stone's trajectory time from top of cliff to bottom to be 5.6 s. How far out from the cliff's edge does the stone travel horizontally? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 and air resistance is negligible) a. 58 m b. 154 m c. 120 m d. 175 m e. 197 m 20. Two ropes are attached to a 40kg object. The first rope applies a force of 25 N and the second, 40 N. If the two ropes are perpendicular to each other, what is the resultant acceleration of the object? a. 1.2 m/s 2 b. 3.0 m/s 2 c. 5.0 m/ s 2 d. 25 m/s 2 e. 47 m/s The acceleration due to gravity on the Moon's surface is onesixth that on Earth. What net force would be required to accelerate a 20kg object at 6.0 m/s 2 on the moon? a. 1.3 N b. 20 N c. 33 N d. 120 N e. 130 N 22. A kg sailboat experiences an eastward force of N by the ocean tide and a wind force against its sails with magnitude of N directed toward the northwest (45 N of W). What is the direction of the resultant acceleration? a. 60 N of E b. 30 N of W c. 30 N of E d. 74 N of W e. 60 N of W 23. Rita accelerates a 0.40kg ball from rest to 9.0 m/s during the 0.15 s in which her foot is in contact with the ball. What average force does she apply to the ball during the kick? a. 48 N b. 72 N c. 24 N d. 60 N e. 76 N 4
5 Name: 24. A 10kg mass and a 2.0kg mass are connected by a light string over a massless, frictionless pulley. If g = 9.8 m/s 2, what is the acceleration of the system when released? a. 2.5 m/s 2 b. 6.5 m/s 2 c. 7.8 m/s 2 d. 9.8 m/s 2 e. 9.9 m/s A 15kg block rests on a level frictionless surface and is attached by a light string to a 5.0kg hanging mass where the string passes over a massless frictionless pulley. If g = 9.8 m/s 2, what is the tension in the connecting string? a. 65 N b. 17 N c. 49 N d. 37 N e. 26 N 26. An elevator weighing N is supported by a steel cable. What is the tension in the cable when the elevator is being accelerated upward at a rate of 3.00 m/s 2? (g = 9.80 m/s 2 ) a N b N c N d N e N 27. As a 3.0kg bucket is being lowered into a 10mdeep well, starting from the top, the tension in the rope is 9.8 N. The acceleration of the bucket will be: a. 6.5 m/s 2 downward. b. 9.8 m/s 2 downward. c. zero. d. 3.3 m/s 2 upward. e. 5.6 m/s 2 upward. 28. A worker pushes a wheelbarrow with a force of 40 N over a level distance of 6.0 m. If a frictional force of 24 N acts on the wheelbarrow in a direction opposite to that of the worker, what net work is done on the wheelbarrow? a. 240 J b. 216 J c. 144 J d. 96 J e. 75 J 29. I use a rope 2.00 m long to swing a 10.0kg weight around my head. The tension in the rope is 20.0 N. In half a revolution how much work is done by the rope on the weight? a J b. 126 J c. 251 J d. 0 e. None of the above. 5
6 Name: 30. What is the kinetic energy of a kg baseball thrown at 40.0 m/s (90.0 mph)? a J b J c. 108 J d. 216 J e. 256 J 31. A golf ball hits a wall and bounces back at 3/4 the original speed. What part of the original kinetic energy of the ball did it lose in the collision? a. 1/4 b. 3/8 c. 7/16 d. 9/16 e. 11/ If both mass and velocity of a ball are tripled, the kinetic energy is increased by a factor of: a. 3. b. 6. c. 9. d. 27. e A kg automobile moving at 25 m/s has the brakes applied with a deceleration of 8.0 m/s 2. How far does the car travel before it stops? a. 39 m b. 47 m c. 55 m d. 63 m e. 72 m 34. A 7.00kg bowling ball falls from a 2.00m shelf. Just before hitting the floor, what will be its kinetic energy? (g = 9.80 m/s 2 and assume air resistance is negligible) a J b J c J d. 137 J e. 156 J 35. Samantha pushes a 50N crate up a ramp 25.0 m in length and inclined at 10 with the horizontal. What potential energy change does the crate experience? a. 13 J b. 55 J c. 120 J d. 220 J e. 280 J 6
7 Name: 36. A simple pendulum, 2.0 m in length, is released with a push when the support string is at an angle of 25 from the vertical. If the initial speed of the suspended mass is 1.2 m/s when at the release point, what is its speed at the bottom of the swing? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 ) a. 2.3 m/s b. 2.6 m/s c. 2.0 m/s d. 1.8 m/s e. 0.5 m/s 37. An amount of work equal to 1.5 J is required to compress the spring in a springgun. What is the "launch speed" of a 15g marble? a. 14 m/s b. 15 m/s c. 18 m/s d. 21 m/s e. 23 m/s 38. By how much is the energy stored in a Hooke's law spring increased when its stretch is increased from 8.00 cm to 16.0 cm? a. 100% b. 200% c. 300 % d. 400 % e. The correct answer is not given. 39. A Hooke's law spring is compressed 12.0 cm from equilibrium and the potential energy stored is 72.0 J. What is the spring constant in this case? a N/m b N/m c N/m d N/m e. No answer is correct. 40. A Hooke's law spring is mounted horizontally over a frictionless surface. The spring is then compressed a distance d and is used to launch a mass m along the frictionless surface. What compression of the spring would result in the mass attaining double the kinetic energy received in the above situation? a d b d c d d d e d 41. A Hooke's law spring is mounted horizontally over a frictionless surface. The spring is then compressed a distance d and is used to launch a mass m along the frictionless surface. What compression of the spring would result in the mass attaining double the speed received in the above situation? a d b d c d d d e d 7
8 Name: 42. Adisa pulls a 40N crate up a 5.0m long inclined plane at a constant velocity. If the plane is inclined at an angle of 37 to the horizontal and there is a constant force of friction of 10 N between the crate and the surface, what is the net change in potential energy of the crate? a. 120 J b. 120 J c. 200 J d. 200 J e. 140 J 43. A 20N crate starting at rest slides down a rough 5.0m long ramp, inclined at 25 with the horizontal. 20 J of energy is lost to friction. What will be the speed of the crate at the bottom of the incline? a m/s b. 1.9 m/s c. 3.2 m/s d. 4.7 m/s e. 5.6 m/s 44. Preston pushes a wheelbarrow weighing 500 N to the top of a 50.0m ramp, inclined at 20.0 with the horizontal, and leaves it. Tamara accidentally bumps the wheelbarrow. It slides back down the ramp, during which an 80.0N frictional force acts on it over the 50.0 m. What is the wheelbarrow's kinetic energy at the bottom at of the ramp? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 ) a J b J c J d J e J 45. A girl and her bicycle have a total mass of 40.0 kg. At the top of the hill her speed is 5.0 m/s, and her speed doubles as she rides down the hill. The hill is 10.0 m high and 100 m long. How much kinetic energy and potential energy is lost to friction? a J b J c J d J e J 46. A 75kg swimmer dives horizontally off a 500kg raft. The diver's speed immediately after leaving the raft is 4.0 m/s. A microsensor system attached to the edge of the raft measures the time interval during which the diver applies an impulse to the raft just prior to leaving the raft surface. If the time interval is read as 0.20 s, what is the magnitude of the average horizontal force by diver on the raft? a. 900 N b. 450 N c. 525 N d N e N 8
9 Name: 47. Alex throws a 0.15kg rubber ball down onto the floor. The ball's speed just before impact is 6.5 m/s, and just after is 3.5 m/s. What is the change in the magnitude of the ball's momentum? a kg m/s b. 1.5 kg m/s c. 4.3 kg m/s d. 5.7 kg m/s e. 126 kg m/s 48. A crane drops a 0.30 kg steel ball onto a steel plate. The ball's speeds just before impact and after are 4.5 m/s and 4.2 m/s, respectively. If the ball is in contact with the plate for s, what is the magnitude of the average force that the ball exerts on the plate during impact? a. 87 N b. 133 N c. 3.0 N d. 3.5 N e. 60 N 49. Jerome pitches a baseball of mass 0.20 kg. The ball arrives at home plate with a speed of 40 m/s and is batted straight back to Jerome with a return speed of 60 m/s. What is the magnitude of change in the ball's momentum? a. 4.0 kg m/s b. 8.0 kg m/s c. 18 kg m/s d. 20 kg m/s e. 24 kg m/s 50. A 75kg swimmer dives horizontally off a 500kg raft. If the diver's speed immediately after leaving the raft is 4 m/s, what is the corresponding raft speed? a. 0.2 m/s b. 0.5 m/s c. 0.6 m/s d. 4.0 m/s e. 5.0 m/s 51. A cannon of mass kg fires a 10kg shell with a velocity of 200 m/s at an angle of 45 above the horizontal. Find the recoil velocity of the cannon across the level ground. a m/s b m/s c m/s d m/s e m/s 52. Ann the Astronaut weighs 60 kg. She is space walking outside the space shuttle and pushes a 350kg satellite away from the shuttle at 0.90 m/s. What speed does this give Ann as she moves toward the shuttle? a. 4.0 m/s b. 5.3 m/s c. 8.5 m/s d. 9.0 m/s e. 9.7 m/s 9
10 Name: 53. If the momentum of an object is tripled, its kinetic energy will change by what factor? a. zero b. onethird c. three d. nine e. None of the above. 54. The kinetic energy of an object is quadrupled. Its momentum will change by what factor? a. zero b. two c. eight d. four e. None of the above. 55. A lump of clay is thrown at a wall. A rubber ball of identical mass is thrown with the same speed toward the same wall. Which statement is true? a. The clay experiences a greater change in momentum than the ball. b. The ball experiences a greater change in momentum than the clay. c. The clay and the ball experience the same change in momentum. d. It is not possible to know which object has the greater change in momentum. e. The clay doesn't change its momentum. 56. A highdiver of mass 70 kg jumps off a board 10 m above the water. If, 1.0 s after entering the water his downward motion is stopped, what average upward force did the water exert? a. 100 N b. 686 N c. 980 N d. 751 N e. No answer is correct. 57. Mitch throws a 100g lump of clay at a 500g target, which is at rest on a horizontal surface. After impact, the target, including the attached clay, slides 2.1 m before stopping. If the coefficient of friction is µ = 0.50, find the speed of the clay before impact. a. 4.5 m/s b. 12 m/s c. 27 m/s d. 36 m/s e. 42 m/s 10
11 AP Physics C Fall Final Web Review Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. C 6. D 7. C 8. A 9. C 10. B 11. D 12. E 13. D 14. B 15. A 16. D 17. B 18. C 19. A 20. A 21. D 22. D 23. C 24. B 25. D 26. D 27. A 28. D 29. D 30. C 31. C 32. D 33. A 34. D 35. D 36. A 37. A 38. C 1
12 39. A 40. A 41. C 42. A 43. D 44. A 45. A 46. D 47. B 48. A 49. D 50. C 51. B 52. B 53. D 54. B 55. B 56. E 57. C 2
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